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Dividend Growth Strategies And Downside Protection

Published Thu, 10 Jan 2019 03:17:35 -0500 on Seeking Alpha

2018 ended on a sour note for the S&P 500, as the index declined by more than 9% in December alone. The drop-off resulted in the first negative calendar year return (-4.38%) for the S&P 500 (TR) since the financial crisis (2008). Meanwhile, the S&P 500 Dividend Aristocrats, which is designed to measure the performance of S&P 500 companies that have increased their dividends for the last 25 consecutive years, fared relatively better in 2018 but still ended in the red (-2.73%). The S&P 500 Dividend Aristocrat's outperformance of the benchmark led us to explore the downside protection characteristics of dividend growth strategies relative to the broad equity market. In addition, we attempt to answer the question of whether outperformance in a down year is typical for dividend growth strategies or if 2018 was an anomaly.
Since year-end 1989, there have been six calendar years of negative performance for the S&P 500 - and in all six years, the S&P 500 Dividend Aristocrats outperformed the equity benchmark by an average of 13.28%. In fact, the S&P 500 Dividend Aristocrats produced a positive total return in three of those years (see Exhibit 1).

To see how the S&P 500 Dividend Aristocrats stacks up against the S&P 500 in shorter periods, we next look at historical monthly returns. First, we classify all months into up and down months based on the S&P 500's returns. We then compute the monthly hit rates... Read more